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Postmenopausal hormone use for women with a history of breast cancer
  1. References
  2. Explore Everyday Health
  3. What Causes Hot Flushes During Menopause? | UANews
  4. Science Has Figured out Why Some Women Get Depressed at Menopause and Others Don’t

Menopause generally occurs in the early 50s, but some women can experience it as young as the 30s or as old as the 60s.

There is currently no way to predict when a woman will experience menopause. The time at which a woman begins having menstrual periods is not an indication of when menopause will occur. Women experience menopause differently, and it can be an emotional experience. The loss of the ability to have children will hit some women harder than others. A woman who has already given birth may not consider it as devastating, but a woman who has never had children and who experienced menopause earlier than usual may find the news crushing.


Menopause generally includes three stages. The perimenopause stage is the onset of menopause, during which various negative symptoms may manifest. The second stage is menopause, during which menstrual periods cease.

The last stage is the postmenopausal stage, and women who have completely experienced menopause will sometimes need to make adjustments to this new reality. During the years between the onset of perimenopause and menopause itself, women generally experience:. Perimenopause lasts for about four to five years or until menopause occurs, which is when the ovaries stop releasing eggs altogether.

Explore Everyday Health

The full onset of menopause refers to the cessation of menstrual cycles for one full year. During this time, women may experience a wide range of possible effects, and may develop other medical conditions as a result. For example, some women develop osteoporosis or heart disease during menopause. Many women also experience:. Doctors can provide customized treatment to individual patients to address their unique symptoms.

What Causes Hot Flushes During Menopause? | UANews

Every woman will experience menopause and the postmenopausal stage differently. Hormonal imbalances can lead to the appearance of more body hair in some women, as testosterone production continues while estrogen production diminishes. Some women experience weight fluctuations and changes in skin texture. A hot flash generally lasts between 30 seconds and 10 minutes, according to the National Institute on Aging. Most women experience hot flashes for a year or two after their final menstrual period.

Hot flashes may still continue after menopause, but they lessen in intensity over time. Most women have hot flashes during menopause. Call your doctor if your hot flashes disrupt your life. They can recommend treatment options for you.

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The decreased production of estrogen and progesterone can affect the thin layer of moisture that coats the vaginal walls. Women can experience vaginal dryness at any age, but it can be a particular problem for women going through menopause. Signs can include itching around the vulva and stinging or burning. Vaginal dryness can make intercourse painful and may cause you to feel like you need to urinate frequently. To combat dryness, try a water-based lubricant or a vaginal moisturizer.

If you still feel discomfort, talk to your doctor. Having sex or other sexual activity involving the female genitals can increase blood flow to that area. This helps keep the vagina more lubricated and also may prevent the vagina from becoming smaller. For optimal health, doctors recommend adults get seven to eight hours of sleep each night.

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But during menopause it might be hard for you to fall asleep or stay asleep. You might wake up earlier than you wish and have trouble going to back to sleep. To get as much rest as you can, try relaxation and breathing techniques. Avoid leaving your computer or cell phone near your bed as lights can disrupt your sleep. Bathing, reading, or listening to mellow music before bed may help you relax.

Science Has Figured out Why Some Women Get Depressed at Menopause and Others Don’t

Simple steps to improve sleep hygiene include going to bed at the same time every night, taking steps to stay cool while sleeping, and avoiding foods and drinks that alter sleep like chocolate, caffeine, or alcohol. You may also feel a constant need to urinate even without a full bladder , or experience painful urination.

This is because during menopause, the tissues in your vagina and urethra lose their elasticity and the lining thins. The surrounding pelvic muscles may also weaken. To fight urinary incontinence , abstain from too much alcohol, stay hydrated, and strengthen your pelvic floor with Kegel exercises. If the issues persist, ask your doctor what medications are available.

During menopause, some women may experience more urinary tract infections UTIs. Lowered levels of estrogen and changes in the urinary tract make you more susceptible to infection. If you feel a persistent urge to urinate, are urinating more frequently, or feel a burning sensation when you urinate, see your doctor. Your doctor will likely ask that you take a urine test and give you antibiotics. This is caused by physical changes brought on by reduced estrogen.

These changes can include a delayed clitoral reaction time, slow or absent orgasmic response, and vaginal dryness. Some women may have more interest in sex as they age. If your desire is decreased related to another problem, such as painful sex , your doctor may be able to prescribe a medication to help prevent pain. By identifying belugas and narwhals in addition to the other known species, the researchers doubled the number of mammals known to go through and live beyond menopause.

The question, of course, is why. That enables them to live in and play an important role in social pods for longer. Orcas live in matriarchal pods, where all the male and female offspring stay together. Earlier studies have pointed out that adult orca sons are more likely to survive with their mothers around. But scientists do know that the ability to live beyond fertile years evolved three separate times in toothed whales—once for killer whales, once for short-finned pilot whales, and once for the shared ancestor of both belugas and narwhals.